CHF – Congestive Heart Failure (Heart Failure)

What is congestive heart failure?

Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure, is a chronic condition that worsens over time. Although the name implies that your heart has stopped working, heart failure simply means that your heart isn’t pumping blood as well as it should. When the pumping power of your heart is reduced, it can harm your organs and cause fluid to accumulate in your lungs.

What causes congestive heart failure (CHF)?

Although the risk of heart failure does not change with age, you are more likely to develop heart failure as you get older.

As per the best heart failure doctor in Delhi saket Heart failure can be caused by a variety of medical conditions that damage the heart muscle. Typical conditions include:

  • Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries.
  • A heart attack occurred.
  • Cardiomyopathy.
  • Heart problems are present at birth (congenital heart disease).
  • Diabetes.
  • Blood pressure is high (hypertension). This is a common cause in people who were born female.

Arrhythmia (abnormal heartbeats, such as atrial fibrillation) (abnormal heart rhythms, including atrial fibrillation).

  • Kidney failure.
  • Obesity is a disease.
  • Tobacco and illicit drug use.
  • Medications. Some cancer-fighting drugs (chemotherapy) can cause heart failure.

How Are Congestive Heart Failure Diagnosed?

According to Dr. Rajiv Agarwal one of the best heart failure doctors in max hospital saket do a physical exam and tests, which may include the following, are used to diagnose heart failure.

  • Blood tests for brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP)
  • BNP or NT-proBNP levels are elevated in patients with heart failure.
  • X-ray of the chest to look for fluid in the lungs and to see the general shape of the heart and large blood vessels in the chest.
  • The term “echocardiogram” refers to the use of sound waves to create a picture of the heart as it beats. It can show how well the heart pumps and how well the heart valves work.
  • Stress test to see if the heart receives enough blood when stressed

As per Heart Failure Specialist Doctors in saket Delhi Heart failure treatment typically consists of lifestyle changes and medication to control the condition.

  • Inhibitors of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE)
  • Angiotensin II receptor antagonists (also called ARBs or angiotensin-2 receptor antagonists)
  • Neprilysin inhibitors of angiotensin-receptors (ARNIs)
  • If channel blockers are used
  • Beta-blockers (also called beta-adrenergic blocking agents) (also called beta-adrenergic blocking agents)
  • Antagonists of aldosterone
  • Isosorbide dinitrate and hydralazine (specifically of benefit for African-Americans with heart failure)
  • Diuretics (water pills) (water pills)
  • Other medications may be prescribed based on the patient’s other health issues, such as:
  • Anticoagulants (blood thinners) (blood thinners)
  • Cholesterol-lowering medications (statins)
  • Digoxin
  • The following lifestyle changes are used to treat and manage heart failure:
  • Smoking cessation
  • Loss of weight if you are overweight

Limitation of fluid intake if advised Limitation or avoidance of alcohol

  • Caffeine restriction or avoidance
  • Maintaining a heart-healthy diet
  • Regular physical activity
  • Deep breathing, yoga, and meditation are all stress-reduction techniques.
  • Keeping track of your symptoms and reporting them to your doctor monitoring your blood pressure getting enough sleep
  • Participating in a support group
  • Obtaining flu and pneumonia vaccinations
  • Among the implantable devices used to treat heart failure are…
  • Cardioverter defibrillator implant (ICD)
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and left ventricular assist device (LVAD) surgery are both used to treat heart failure.

What Is Congestive Heart Failure Treatment?

  • Coronary angioplasty (PCI, also referred to as angioplasty)
  • Replacement of a valve

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