Heart Blockage Treatment

Heart Blockage Treatment In Delhi Saket

What is a heart block?

A healthy, resting human heart beats 60-100 times per minute. A heartbeat is a contraction of the heart muscles that moves blood throughout the body. Electrical signals normally control every heart muscle contraction and travel from the atria, or upper chambers, to the ventricles, or lower chambers.

A partial heart block occurs when electrical impulses are delayed or move more slowly than usual. A complete heart block occurs when the electrical signals to the heart stop completely. The heart rate can slow to 40 beats per minute or less. Heart block can be caused by changes in impulses that last only a fraction of a second.

Best cardiologist in max hospital saket

Types:

Heart block can be classified into three types. The severity of these types ranges from mild to severe.

  • Heart block of the first degree This is the most common type of heart block. It causes minor heartbeat disruptions, such as slowing of electrical signals in the heart, though these signals still reach the ventricles. Asymptomatic first degree heart block is common. It rarely causes problems or necessitates treatment.
  • Heart block of the second degree Second degree heart block is characterized by a slower and occasionally irregular heart rhythm. It happens when some electrical signals never reach the heart, resulting in missed or dropped beats.

There are two types of second degree heart block:

  • Type 1: The mildest form of second degree heart block. It is usually asymptomatic, but it can make some people feel lightheaded, dizzy, or faint.
  • Type 2: The most severe form of second degree heart block. All of the symptoms of type 1 are present, as well as chest pain and shortness of breath. To maintain a regular heart rate, treatment with a pacemaker is required.

Heart block of the third degree, or complete blockage

The most severe type of heart block. It happens when electrical signals between the upper and lower chambers of the heart do not travel. This causes a slower, more irregular heart rate, which can cause symptoms like:

  • Dizziness and shortness of breath
  • Tiredness or faint chest pain
  • People with heart disease are more likely to have third degree heart block. It can also exacerbate pre-existing conditions like heart failure. It can result in a loss of consciousness and even a cardiac arrest.
  • Third-degree heart block necessitates immediate treatment. Without a pacemaker, there is a significant risk of having a heart attack.

What is the treatment for Mitral Valve Stenosis?

According to Dr. Rajiv Agarwal one of the best heart doctors in max hospital saket, if the symptoms are mild, medication can be used to treat valve stenosis. When medications fail to relieve symptoms, a balloon valvotomy or surgical valve repair or replacement is performed.

Risk factors and their causes

Some people are born with heart block - Congenital heart block can occur as a result of a heart defect or a condition the baby's mother had during pregnancy.

However, heart block is more likely to develop over time. The nerves that connect the top and bottom of the heart may begin to fail as a person ages.

Other factors that may raise a person's risk of developing heart block include:

A heart attack that causes electrical system damage in the heart

  • Another cardiovascular disease, such as coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, or heart failure
  • Other medical conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, or Lyme disease
  • Heart surgery that results in scar tissue in the heart electrolyte abnormalities that can cause a temporary disruption in the heart's electrical system degeneration, or ageing of the heart's electrical system

Symptoms

Some people with a milder form of heart block may not have any symptoms at all. Others may encounter:

  • Shortness of breath lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting chest pain or discomfort difficulty with exercise or exertion due to the heart having difficulty pumping blood around the body.
  • People with heart block may appear to be in good health, but they may have an underlying heart condition.

Diagnosis

  • A cardiologist typically diagnoses heart block during routine testing for other heart issues in the absence of symptoms.
  • A detailed medical history, physical exam, and certain diagnostic tests are used to make a Diagnosis.

According to Dr. Rajiv Agarwal one of the best heart doctor in max hospital saket, the most common test used by doctors to diagnose heart block is an electrocardiogram (ECG), which records heart activity. Electric impulses through the heart are visualized as wave patterns by probes placed on the skin of the chest.

Abnormal waveforms may indicate a heart block. An ECG can also assist in determining the type of heart block a person has.

A Holter monitor may also be used by a doctor to help diagnose heart block. This method employs a portable device worn beneath a person's clothing that records all of their heartbeats.

Treatment:

  • A person's treatment for first degree heart block may be as simple as self-monitoring their pulse, attending regular checkups, and knowing when to seek help for more problematic symptoms.
  • Pacemakers may be required for people who have second or third degree heart block.
  • A pacemaker is a small, battery-powered device that sends electrical pulses to the heart to help it beat at a consistent rate and rhythm. A person can use it temporarily outside of their body or permanently implanted in their chest or abdomen.
  • A doctor can programme several pacemakers to produce an electrical impulse only when it is required. Some are able to detect when the heart stops beating and send an electrical impulse to restart it. The battery has a long lifespan.
  • Cell phones, personal stereos, and household appliances have no effect on pacemakers, but people who have one should avoid magnetic fields, such as those from an MRI scan.
  • Any electrolyte abnormalities that are present must be corrected.

Complications

As per the best heart specialist in max hospital saket Delhi People who have a heart block are more likely to develop other types of arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation. They may also be at a higher risk of having a heart attack.

If a person has a heart block, they should consult a doctor if they experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Dizziness and chest pain
  • faintness\sweakness
  • Heartbeats that race or skip
  • Breathing difficulty legs, ankles, or feet that are swollen

Pacemakers require people to avoid strong magnetic fields as well. They should not have an MRI done. They must also seek alternate security screenings in places like airports.

Heart disease cannot always be avoided, but it can be reduced by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, limiting alcohol consumption, and avoiding tobacco use.

To book an appointment with the Best Cardiologist in Max Hospital Saket or in Delhi - Dr. Rajiv Agarwal is one of the Best Heart Specialist in Delhi with more than 35 years of experience in the field of non-invasive and invasive cardiology can book the appointment through https://www.drrajivagarwal.in

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